Over 30 million Americans suffer from diabetes with a majority of them suffering from type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a condition that causes glucose in the blood to become too high. This increase causes many symptoms such as fatigue, excessive thirst and more. Type 2 diabetes is commonly found in individuals who are overweight, individuals 45 and older or those who have family members that suffer from diabetes.
Besides insulin shots, diet is one of the best ways to control glucose levels. Below are some simple tips for type 2 diabetes diet:
1. High fiber
Fiber, especially soluble fiber often helps to slow down the absorption of sugar which can help regulate sugar levels for those who suffer from type 2 diabetes. Some experts even believe that a diet fueled in high fiber foods can even help reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Fiber is almost always included in a type 2 diabetes diet routine as it can be very beneficial. Some great high fiber foods for diabetics include beans, dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, tomatoes, citrus fruits and even fish which are high in omega-3 fatty acids. While the exact number varies from person to person most experts recommend that those who suffer from type 2 diabetes eat at least 25 to 50 grams of fiber daily.
2. Low carb
Many individuals who suffer from type 2 diabetes turn to low carb diets. Foods that are high in carbohydrates can raise blood sugar levels causing concern for those who suffer from diabetes. Low-carb foods do not cause blood glucose levels to fluctuate as much making them a safer alternative for diabetics. The amount of carbs allowed in a diabetic diet really varies from person to person as it really depends on how serious your medical condition is, how much you weigh, what your activity level is and more. Some good low carb options for those who suffer from type 2 diabetes include green leafy vegetables, certain types of seafood such as shrimp and tuna, meats such as pork and lamb, and even certain types of seeds and nuts such as pumpkin seeds and walnut halves.
3. Sugar free
Most commonly the diet for those who suffer from diabetes includes eating a sugar free or low sugar diet. Since diabetic patients have a medical condition that causes them to not break down sugar quickly and efficiently they most often have to limit the amount of sugar they take in. Eating sweets and treats that are sugar free are a safer alternative for most individuals although it does vary from person to person. Some good naturally sugar-free foods include vegetables, dried nuts, lentils and some whole grains. Some low sugar diet foods include oatmeal, sweet potato, legumes and some types of bread.
4. Talk to your doctor
Overall, although there are many things that type two diabetes patients must look out for they can still find a variety of tasty and delicious foods to fuel their bodies. The key is to figure out what works best for you depending on your medical needs and diet restrictions. While some may take oral medications to control glucose and others may use insulin shots there are a few patients that can control their condition simply by changing and improving their diet.